Study Guide for Chapter 12 and 13 Quiz

 

22nd Amendment: two-term (or ten-year) limit 1951

 

Impeachment process: Majority vote of the House to impeach, 2/3 vote of Senate to commit

 

25th Amendment: provides for the succession of the President by the Vice President

 

Office of Management and Budget (OMB): Presidential staff agency that serves as a clearing house for budgetary requests and management improvements.

 

War Powers Resolution (1973): President must notify congress of military commitment within 48 hours. Greater than 60 days requires congressional approval.

 

Senior White House Staff Members, where do they come from? Campaign staff, governorís staff (all loyal supporters)

 

Presidentís and Press Conferences: declined

 

Honeymoon effect: Congressional support during days following Presidents inauguration (usually lasts 6 months)

 

US vs. Nixon i.e. executive privilege: Nixon claimed executive privilege allowed him to refuse to release his recorded conversations.

 

Persuasive techniques that Presidents can use: threat of veto

 

Press Secretary: Schedules press conferences and takes questions for the President

 

Commander in Chief Function why? Civilian control of the military

 

Great presidents who are they? Washington, Lincoln, Roosevelt, Jefferson, FDR, Jackson, Truman, Reagan, Eisenhower, Polk

 

Relationship between Congress and the President: ebb and flow of power, congress defers to president on foreign policy

 

Powers of the Presidency that are mentioned in the Constitution: Treaty, appointment, enforcement of laws

 

Presidential Succession: VP, Speaker, President Pro Tempore, Secretary of State, Sec. Treasury, Sec. Defense, Attorney General

 

Formal and informal sources of presidential power: Constitution, public, crisis

 

Using the bully pulpit: Using the Presidential office to get things done. Ted Roosevelt, Bull Moose.

 

Executive agreement: Pact between president and leaders of foreign countries that does not require Senate ratification

 

State of the Union Message: Used by president to inform congress and set the agenda