Study Guide for Chapter 12 and 13 Quiz


22nd Amendment: two-term (or ten-year) limit 1951


Impeachment process: Majority vote of the House to impeach, 2/3 vote of Senate to commit


25th Amendment: provides for the succession of the President by the Vice President


Office of Management and Budget (OMB): Presidential staff agency that serves as a clearing house for budgetary requests and management improvements.


War Powers Resolution (1973): President must notify congress of military commitment within 48 hours. Greater than 60 days requires congressional approval.


Senior White House Staff Members, where do they come from? Campaign staff, governorís staff (all loyal supporters)


Presidentís and Press Conferences: declined


Honeymoon effect: Congressional support during days following Presidents inauguration (usually lasts 6 months)


US vs. Nixon i.e. executive privilege: Nixon claimed executive privilege allowed him to refuse to release his recorded conversations.


Persuasive techniques that Presidents can use: threat of veto


Press Secretary: Schedules press conferences and takes questions for the President


Commander in Chief Function why? Civilian control of the military


Great presidents who are they? Washington, Lincoln, Roosevelt, Jefferson, FDR, Jackson, Truman, Reagan, Eisenhower, Polk


Relationship between Congress and the President: ebb and flow of power, congress defers to president on foreign policy


Powers of the Presidency that are mentioned in the Constitution: Treaty, appointment, enforcement of laws


Presidential Succession: VP, Speaker, President Pro Tempore, Secretary of State, Sec. Treasury, Sec. Defense, Attorney General


Formal and informal sources of presidential power: Constitution, public, crisis


Using the bully pulpit: Using the Presidential office to get things done. Ted Roosevelt, Bull Moose.


Executive agreement: Pact between president and leaders of foreign countries that does not require Senate ratification


State of the Union Message: Used by president to inform congress and set the agenda